An introduction to major research paradigms used in the study of Ottoman towns. Different urban typologies based on geography, culture or material life, and commonly used units of analysis such as community, class or estate, are examined. Themes to be studied include formal and informal politics and aspects of life in public spaces; regulation, conformity and resistance, sociability and ceremony. Requirements : a major research paper of around 30 pages based on primary source materials. Counts towards fulfilling the seminar requirement in History while also providing advanced paleographical training. Prerequisite : An adequate command of Ottoman Turkish, through TLL 501-502 or the equivalent, and subject to the instructor's approval.